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Knitting Needle and Crochet Hook Conversion Chart

Knitting Needle Sizes

United States

Metric

 

Old UK, Australia, etc.

Size

Diameter in millimeters
(observed)

Steel double- pointed

Crochet hook

0000

1.25

 

 

1.25

16

000

1.5–1.75

15

 

1.5

15

00

1.75–2

14

 

2

14

0

2.1–2.25

13

4

 

 

1

2.25–2.75

12

B-1, 3

2.25

13

2

2.75–2.8–3

11

C-2, 2

2.75

12

 

 

 

 

3

11

3

3–3.3

10

D-3, 1

3.25

10

4

3.5–3.75

9

E-4, 0

 3.5

 

5

3.75–3.8–4

8

F-5, 00

3.75

9

6

4–4.25–4.5

 

G-6, F

4

8

7

4.5–4.6

 

G, 7

4.5

7

8

5.0

 

H-8

5

6

9

5.3–5.5

 

I-9

5.5

5

10

5.75–6

 

J-10

6

4

10½

6.5–7

 

K-10½

6.5

3

 

 

 

 

7

2

 

 

 

K

7.5

1

11

8.0

 

L-11

8

0

13

9–9.2–10

 

M/N-13

9

00

15

10–10.2

 

N/P-15

10

000

16

 

 

 

 

 

17

12.7

 

 

12.75

 

18

14.3

 

 

 

 

19

16.0

 

P/Q

15

 

35

19.0

 

S

19

 

50

25.4

 

 

25

 

 Standard Yarn Weight System

Yarn Weight
Symbol &
Category
Names
Type of
Yarns
in Category
Sock,
Fingering, Baby
Sport, Baby
DK,
Light Worsted
Worsted,
Afghan, Aran
 
Chunky,
Craft, Rug
 
 
Bulky,
Roving
 
Knit Gauge
Range* in
Stockinette
Stitch
to 4 inches
27-32 sts
23-26 sts
21-24 sts
 
16-20 sts
 
 
12-15 sts
 
6-11 sts
Recommended
Needle in
Metric
Size Range
2.25-3.25 mm
3.25-3.75 mm
3.75-4.5 mm
4.5-5.5 mm
5.5-8 mm
8 mm+
Recommended
Needle U.S.
Size Range
1 to 3
3 to 5
5 to 7
7 to 9
9 to 11
11+
Crochet Gauge*
Ranges in
Single
Crochet to 4 inch
21-32 sts
 
16-20 sts
12-17 sts
11-14 sts
8-11 sts
5-9 sts
Recommended
Hook in Metric
Size Range
2.25-3.5 mm
3.5-4.5 mm
4.5-5.5mm
5.5-6.5 mm
6.5-9 mm
9 mm+
Recommended
Hook U.S.
Size Range
B–1
to
E–4
E–4
to
7
7
to
I–9
I–9
to
K–10 1⁄2
K–10 1⁄2 to
M–13
M–13+

 

Knitting Abbreviations Master List

Abbreviation Description
 
Abbreviation Description
[ ]
work instructions within brackets as many times as directed  
pat(s)
or
patt
pattern(s)
( )
work instructions within parentheses in the place directed  
pm
place marker
* *
repeat instructions following the asterisks as directed  
pop
popcorn
*
repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed  
p2tog
purl 2 stitches together
"
inch(es)  
prev
previous
alt
alternate  
psso
pass slipped stitch over
approx
approximately  
pwise
purlwise
beg
begin/beginning  
rem
remain/remaining
bet
between  
rep
repeat(s)
BO
bind off  
rev St st
reverse stockinette stitch
CA
color A  
RH
right hand
CB
color B  
rnd(s)
round(s)
CC
contrasting color  
RS
right side
cm
centimeter(s)  
sk
skip
cn
cable needle
CO cast on
 
skp
slip, knit, pass stitch over—one stitch decreased
cont
continue  
sk2p
slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over the knit 2 together; 2 stitches have been decreased
dec
decrease/
decreases/
decreasing
 
sl
slip
dpn
double pointed needle(s)  
sl1k
slip 1 knitwise
fl
front loop(s)  
sl1p
slip 1 purlwise
foll
follow/follows/
following
 
sl st
slip stitch(es)
g
gram  
ss
slip stitch (Canadian)
inc
increase/increases/
increasing
 
ssk
slip, slip, knit these 2 stiches together—a decrease
k or K
knit  
sssk
slip, slip, slip, knit 3 stitches together
k2tog
knit 2 stitches together  
st(s)
stitch(es)
kwise
knitwise  
St st
stockinette stitch/stocking stitch
LH
left hand  
tbl
through back loop
lp(s)
loop(s)  
tog
together
m
meter(s)  
WS
wrong side
M1
make one stitch  
wyib
with yarn in back
M1 p-st
make one purl stitch  
wyif
with yarn in front
MC
main color  
yd(s)
yard(s)
mm
millimeter(s)  
yfwd
yarn forward
oz
ounce(s)  
yo
yarn over
p or P
purl  
yrn
yarn around needle
     
yon
yarn over needle

 

Crochet Abbreviations Master List

Abbreviation Description
Abbreviation Description
[ ]
work instructions within brackets as many times as directed  
FPdc
front post double crochet
( )
work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed
 
FPsc
front post single crochet
*
repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed  
FPtr
front post treble crochet
* *
repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat from a given set of instructions  
g
gram
”
inch(es)  
hdc
half double crochet
alt
alternate  
inc
increase/
increases/
increasing
approx
approximately  
lp(s)
loops
beg
begin/beginning  
m
meter(s)
bet
between  
MC
main color
BL
back loop(s)  
mm
millimeter(s)
bo
bobble  
oz
ounce(s)
BP
back post  
p
picot
BPdc
back post double crochet  
pat(s)
or patt
pattern(s)
BPsc
back post single crochet  
pc
popcorn
BPtr
back post treble crochet  
pm
place marker
CA
color A  
prev
previous
CB
color B  
rem
remain/remaining
CC
contrasting color  
rep
repeat(s)
ch
chain stitch  
rnd(s)
round(s)
ch-
efers to chain or space previously made: e.g., ch-1 space  
RS
right side
ch-sp
chain spac  
sc
single crochet
CL
cluster  
sc2tog
single crochet 2 stitches together
cm
centimeter(s)  
sk
skip
cont
continue  
Sl st
slip sitich
dc
double crochet  
sp(s)
space(s)
dc2tog
double crochet 2 stitches together  
st(s)
stitch(es)
dec
decrease/
decreases/
decreasing
 
tch
or t-ch
turning chain
dtr
double treble  
tbl
through back loop
FL
front loop(s)  
tog
together
foll
follow/follows/
following
 
tr
treble crochet
FP
front post  
trtr
triple treble crochet
 
   
WS
wrong side
 
   
yd(s)
yard(s)
 
   
yo
yarn over
     
yoh
yarn over hook

 

SKILL LEVELS FOR KNITTING

1
Beginner Projects for first time knitters using basic knit and purl stitches.  Minimal shaping.
2
Easy Projects using basic stitches, repetitive stitch patterns, simple color changes, and simple shaping and finishing.
3
Intermediate Projects with a variety of stitches, such as basic cables and lace, simple intarsia, double-pointed needles and knitting in the round needle techniques, mid-level shaping and finishing.
4
Experienced Projects using advanced techniques and stitches, such as short rows, fair isle, more intricate intarsia, cables, lace patterns, and numerous color changes.

SKILL LEVELS FOR CROCHET

1
Beginner Projects for first-time crocheters using basic stitches.Minimal shaping.
2
Easy Projects using yarn with basic stitches, repetitive stitch patterns, simple color changes, and simple shaping and finishing.
3
Intermediate Projects using a variety of techniques, such as basic lace patterns or color patterns, mid-level shaping and finishing.
4
Experienced Projects with intricate stitch patterns, techniques and dimension, such as non-repeating patterns, multi-color techniques, fine threads, small hooks, detailed shaping and refined finishing.

 

Yarn Brands
> Alpaca Yarn Company
> Bartlettyarns
> Berroco
> Cherry Tree Hill
> Dancing Leaf Farm

> Karabella
> La Lana Wools
> LANG
> Lorna's Laces
> Margaret Stove
> Red Heart
> Schaefer Yarn Company
> Wendy Peter Pan

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